Posts tagged leadership positions

10-module toolkit offers an innovative approach to organizing that draws on workers’ organizing stories.

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Sexual harassment in the workplace is a misdemeanor and carries a possible penalty of one year in prison and a fine of up to 10,000 pesos (approximately $286); however, union leaders reported that the law was not enforced, and sexual harassment was a problem.

Although the law provides that women have the same legal status as men, in practice women experienced discrimination. Women did not enjoy social and economic status or opportunity equal to those of men, and men held most leadership positions in all sectors. In many instances women received less pay than men in jobs of equal content and requiring equal skills. Some employers reportedly gave pregnancy tests to women before hiring them, as part of a required medical examination. Although it is illegal to discriminate based on such tests, NGO leaders reported that pregnant women often were not hired and that female employees who became pregnant sometimes were fired. There were no effective government programs to combat economic discrimination against women.

Low representation in key decision making positions in the Government The conditions under which women participate in political parties is another concern, since they are practically half the membership (ranging between 47 and 50%), and as one ascends the pyramid of power their number decreases critically. The percentage of women on the cusp of political parties is 14%. The presence in the Congress is still relatively low compared with males. In the Senate, from 32 seats only three are occupied by women and in the Chamber of Deputies from 178, 37 are women. At the municipal level, which is considered more open to the participation of women, of a total of 154 mayors, only 12 are women, representing 18%.

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